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Vacancy: laboratory manager/assistant for mineral separation lab (Praha 6 – Lysolaje)

Vacancy: laboratory manager/assistant for mineral separation lab (Praha 6 – Lysolaje)

Contract: 1.0
Contract duration: one year with the possibility of concluding a contract for an indefinite duration

Vacancy: laboratory manager/assistant for clean chemistry lab (Praha 6 – Lysolaje)

Vacancy: laboratory manager/assistant for clean chemistry lab (Praha 6 – Lysolaje)

Contract: 0.8–1.0
Contract duration: one year with the possibility of concluding a contract for an indefinite duration

Fossil fishes from northern Bohemia targetted by scientists again

Modern gobies (Gobioidei, Teleostei) are classified to eight families, although exclusively fossil representatives of this suborder have been reported too. One of these extinct forms is the small fish of the genus Pirskenius, which was originally placed into a specific family Pirskeniidae, or to the family Eleotridae (sleeper gobies). Its specimens are known only from Oligocene deposits of northern Bohemia. New research published in journal Plos One, also contributed by T. Přikryl of the Institute of Geology, focused on this Oligocene genus and compared it with other gobiids using modern methods including micro-CT scanning. Detailed analyses validated the separate family Pirskeniidae and resulted in more precise diagnoses for the genus Pirskenius and the family Pirskeniidae. The results of phylogenetic analysis suggest that the family Pirskeniidae represents a sister group of the clad Thalasseleotridae + Gobiidae + Oxudercidae. In a broader context, the intrusion of gobiids into the Oligocene freshwater environment can be viewed as an impus generating new forms which became extinct shortly after their spread.

Geology of the Bohemian-Saxonian Switzerland embedded in a book

Long-lasting work of a team of authors dealing with the territory of Bohemian-Saxonian Switzerland was completed in spring this year. It materialized into a book under the editorship of RNDr. Zuzana Vařilová, PhD. of the Municipal Museum of Ústí nad Labem. With its 576 pages, the book represents the most extensive publication ever written on the geology of this region. Scientists of the Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences are the leading authors of chapters Geology, Tectonics and Geomorphology. Presentation of the book with the whole team of authors will take place at Ústí nad Labem on September 24.

RNDr. Vojen Ložek, DrSc. (1925–2020)

On the 20th August this year, we said our last good-bye to Dr. Vojen Ložek – an outstanding Czech naturalist of worldwide reputation, and an emeritus employee of the Institute of Geology. He was a foremost expert in European nature, focusing his effort on the study of the Quaternary and especially molluscan biology. Vojen Ložek was not only an excellent scientist receiving many awards (e.g., the golden Albrecht Penck medal in honour of his advances in Quaternary studies in global scale and the Award of the Minister of the Environment CR) but also an endowed teacher and a highly vital man: he was loving his fieldwork and was always ready to deliver brilliant lectures to the professional audience as well as to the public. His passing is a great loss to many of his students, colleagues and followers. Nevertheless, his work is staying with us. His memory be honoured.

Zircon geochronology unveils processes of oceanic plate evolution

A paper recently published in the Earth Science Reviews journal deals with dating of zircons from folded marine sediments on the edges of oceanic plates (i.e., in accretionary wedges). A comparison of data from different sites provided a more precise interpretation of source rocks for these parts of oceanic crust. This study, performed in close cooperation with Faculty of Science of Charles University (J. Žák, J. Hajná) and co-authored by M. Svojtka and L. Ackerman of the Institute of Geology CAS, introduces a new concept of the dependence of zircon ages on the distance from source rocks. It considerably contributes to the understanding of sedimentary and tectonic processes affecting oceanic crust during its evolution.

Numerical modelling successfully applied to geomorphology

A newly published paper in the Geomorphology journal precisely described the origin of the recently recognized sandstone weathering forms – arcade cavities, but also the closely related hourglass-shaped pillars. It benefits from advanced numerical modeling. In general, this study relates to the application of a completely new approach, which yielded, within a short time, quite surprising results for the understanding of weathering of granular rocks. The research is carried out in close cooperation with the Faculty of Science of Charles University in Prague and the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology in Moscow. This particular publication was substantially contributed by Michal Filippi of the Institute of Geology of the CAS.

A new price list for laboratories

A new price list for laboratories of the Institute of Geology of the Czech Academy of Sciences has been released. Click here.

Traces of substrate feeding inside shells of dead animals in the context of Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event

The study of several thousand Ordovician (i.e., early Palaeozoic) fossils, mostly trilobites, bivalves, gastropods and echinoderms, demonstrated that most carcasses have become a subject of systematic and sophisticated feeding since the Mid Ordovician. Feeding traces have been preserved as thin tunnels insubstrate inside shells of dead organisms. For a certain period, the substrate had been enriched by microbial consortia; firm fibrous tissues could function as the source of organic matter. Feeding patterns tend to recur for each fossil group; thereby, the positions and shapes of certain non-preserved tissues can be estimated. The above mentioned complex feeding strategies appeared around the GOBE (i.e., Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event) which occurred mainly from 465 to 460 Ma. Paper.

A story of a ditch

The use of settlement space at Celtic oppida is related to the understanding of the sustainability of the functioning of a particular culture. These questions are becoming increasingly topical nowadays. This issue has been long in the focus of a geoarchaeological team also working on the Czech Science Foundation project "Oppidum as an Urban Landscape: Multidisciplinary Approach to the Exploration of Spatial Structure intra muros", the member of which is Assoc. Prof. Lenka Lisá of the Institute of Geology CAS. Recently, they published a study in the international journal Plos One (IF 2.776). This study discusses questions connected with the function of the ditch delimiting the enigmatic part of the Celtic oppidum of Bibracte in SE France. For additional details see here.

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